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Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource by the Department for Education. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills as well as preparing children for learning to read and write by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. 

There are six overlapping phases. 


Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two

Learning 19 letters sounds. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds to help write words. Beginning to read and write simple captions.
Phase Three The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Next, graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing two letters but one sound. Focusing on reading and writing captions and sentences. 

Phase Four

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.


We have listed a couple of websites that have some great Phonics games to help your children with their independent reading and writing skills!







Letter Sound Sets

Phase 2

Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss

Phase 3

Set 6: j, v, w, x

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

Please watch these videos:




Reading At Home

Please find below a copy of the reading booklet we provided at parents evening with some information and advise. Thank you. 


Here are a few resources that can be useful to use at home, alongside some ideas to do with your children.

Within the document list you will find:

Phase 2 and 3 flash cards -

  • print and cut out. Can the child identify each sound as quickly as possible?
  • Complete an action of a sound - can the child find the sound and match it to your action?
  • Hide the sounds around the room, can the child find them and tell you the sound? Or can you give tell them a sound and the child has to find it?

A Phase 2 and 3 letter mats -

  • Say a sound and time how quickly a child can find it. If they struggle tell them the picture they are looking for.
  • give the child a piece of paper, say a sound, can they find it and copy it down. 
  • print and cut out the seperate sounds and pictures. Can they children match it up to their main letter mat and say the sound?

Rainbow Word (high frequency words) Mats -

  • Say a rainbow word, can the child find it and point to it?
  • give the child a piece of paper, say a rainbow word, can they find it and copy it down?
  • Read a rainbow word, can the child put it into the sentence verbally? Or write one?

Phase 2 Activity Booklet and Phase 3 activity booklet -

  • Work through these to help with reading and writing skills. Let the children take their time and see how much of it they can do independently. Use the letter mats for support if needed. 

Book Review

  • Please keep reading books at home with your child. The books that we sent home that are photocopied should be encouraged to be read independently. As an extra little fun activity we have included a book review sheet to be filled in with your child. 
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