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Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource by the Department for Education. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills as well as preparing children for learning to read and write by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. 

There are six overlapping phases. 


Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two

Learning 19 letters sounds. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds to help write words. Beginning to read and write simple captions.
Phase Three The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Next, graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing two letters but one sound. Focusing on reading and writing captions and sentences. 

Phase Four

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.


We have had so much fun learning the letter sounds in Phase 2! Having an action for each sound has really helped us remember them and we are now using our knowledge to try and blend and segment CVC words (consonant, vowel, consonant. e.g. cat, dog, top). Take a look at what fun things we have been doing!

Phase 3!!


We have now nearly finished Phase 3 in Letters and Sounds! It has been really tricky to remember all of the sounds due to most of them being made up of two letters but pronounced as one sound!! 

Our main focus is to now read and write simple words and sentences that include our rainbow words, phase 2 and phase 3 sounds in! We are all working really hard on our blending and segmenting and we are trying to become as independent as possible! 

We really enjoy our class time at the beginning of each Phonics session but then we go into our groups where we can focus on a small activity to practise our skills!